Factors That Lead To The Development Of Varicose Veins

Factors That Lead To The Development Of Varicose Veins

Medical Issues Parenting Help   photo credit: DoubleM2

Medical Issues Parenting Help   Medical Issues Parenting Help

Varicose veins are instantly recognizable. You’ll notice bulging directly underneath the skin. The blood vessels may appear gnarled and twisted as fluid accumulates within them. Depending on the severity of the condition, you may also notice discoloration on the surface of the skin. Some patients even develop open sores.

Symptoms associated with varicose veins include a heavy sensation in the legs, a dull ache, throbbing, and itching, all of which tend to become more pronounced toward the end of the day. For mild cases, wearing compression stockings may be sufficient for reducing the symptoms. Many people, however, seek treatment to have the varicosities removed. There are many options available in addition to stockings.

This article will present some of the factors that can contribute to the condition. Before we begin, however, it is useful to understand how the veins work.

Understanding How The Veins Work

Arteries and veins have different responsibilities. The arteries send blood from the heart to every part of the body. The veins send blood back to the heart. In order for this to occur in the legs, muscles must squeeze the vessels to push blood against the force of gravity.

Another part of this mechanism is represented by valves. The blood vessels have tiny one-way valves inside them that prevent blood from flowing in the wrong direction. When the muscles squeeze the veins and push blood from the legs to the heart, the valves open to allow blood to pass. Then, they close.

This is important for understanding how varicose veins develop. The condition is caused when blood pressure rises in the superficial veins (those closest to the surface of your skin). This pressure can be due to a number of factors, which we’ll cover below. In some cases, the vein becomes damaged, which prevents the valves from doing their job. When this happens, the varicosities often become persistent, even if the underlying cause is resolved. At that point, compression stockings may be inadequate for treating the condition.

Common Reasons Varicose Veins Develop

So, what causes the pressure to rise in the superficial veins? There are several possible factors, including age, weight, gender, and whether a person remains standing for extended periods.

First, the blood vessels tend to develop varicosities as a person ages. The condition is more common in people over thirty, and becomes progressively so from that point forward. This is often due to the venous valves becoming less capable of preventing blood from flowing backward. The valves sustain wear over several decades.

Second, weight is an issue when a person becomes obese. Even if the valves work properly, excess weight will cause more pressure than normal in the legs.

Third, women tend to develop varicose veins more often than men. While the reason is not known for certain, it may be due to the hormones produced in a woman’s body during key stages in her life. These include pregnancy and menopause. It is believed the hormones can cause the lining of the veins to weaken, thereby making them more susceptible to pressure.

Another factor that can lead to varicose veins is blood clots. When they develop in the superficial veins, they can cause the vessel to become inflamed. This, in turn, can damage the valves. When the valves become damaged, they allow blood to flow backward.

One of the most common reasons varicosities develop is a lack of motion. If you sit in the same position for long periods of time, the muscles in your legs will squeeze the veins less often than necessary. As a result, blood will remain in the vessels instead of flowing to your heart. Eventually, the pressure can lead to the bulging, twisted vessels characteristic of varicose veins.

It’s worth highlighting that any person can develop varicosities. When they form, realize there are treatment measures available that can eliminate them.

Author: ParentingMaven

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